South Korea

South Korea is the country south of the 38th parallel on the Korean Peninsula. It had been one country with North Korea until Japan left in 1945 with the end of WWII. The U.S. feared that with Korea unoccupied, The Soviet Union would try to expand over Korean Peninsula. So, the U.S. occupied South Korea and the Soviets occupied North Korea. To make sure that neither country tried to expand further and to try and dodge war, the U.S. and Russia signed a treaty saying that Russia could have all of Korea that was north of the 38th parallel and the U.S. could have all of Korea that was south, and that they had to help make a government in the respective countries. Since the U.S. was extremely right winged, and Soviet Russia was Communist, there was a lot of tension between the two countries. North Korea wanted to take over South Korea and make one country for the entire peninsula. This resulted in North Korea moving across the 38th parallel and initiating the Korean War on 25 June, 1950. The war dragged on for three years and finally ended on 27 July, 1953, with the signing of the Korean War Armistice Agreement.

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[Created by Leslie]

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